The Three Moods
|Imperative Mood, second person|
|Most technical instructions are in imperative mood|
“Let’s go shopping.”
|Imperative mood, third person.|
|"What if I told you"|
“If that dog had been really well trained, he would have come when he was called.”
With other verbs, again the tense appears as if it had dropped back one slot:
"If I liked radishes, I would order some for myself." (present tense)
"If he had known about the curfew, he would have come home early." (past tense)
Subjunctive mood is also used with certain verbs that denote requests, advice, recommendations, and that kind of thing. Sentences where 'should' is appropriate tend to indicate the use of the subjunctive in this situation. The 'should' is optional, and may be used or admitted in sentences such as:
1. The president suggested that Mexico (should) pay for the wall.
2. It is imperative that you bring him to the clinic as quickly as possible.
3. The decorator recommended that I (should) paint everything white.
Note that although the main verbs in sentences 1 and 3 are in the past tense, the subjunctive indirect objects appear to be in present tense. This will always be the case, no matter what the tense of the main verb.